Resource Section
History & Culture

Empires to Nation-States: Before Islam

This module provides essays and lesson plans for teachers who want to trace the growth of political units from states to empires in the history of the ancient Middle East from 4000 BCE to 650 CE. It includes the following essays:

"The Rise of States"

"The Rise of Empire"

"Were There Groups Outside the Control of States and Empires in the Ancient Middle East?"

"How Did Kings Obtain the Right to Rule Over Their Subjects?"

"Why Did States and Empires Develop?"

"Have Modern Views of Ancient Middle Eastern Empires Been Unbiased?"

The Oriental Institute, The University of Chicago
Geoff Emberling


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